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Infernal Timeline

Note: this timeline mixes what Britons of the time would be taught with other events the Inferno Club think of interest, and hence is unashamedly Anglocentric.

Note also that Inferno's history overlaps with our own at some points, but differs from it at others. This game is not a historical simulation, or an exercise in alternate-history what-if, but a fantasy game set in a world that is similar to our own. We play very fast and loose with historical events, and encourage you to think in terms of doing likewise.

In particular, try not to think of the game as set specifically in 1865, but rather as in a sort of idealized nineteenth century, combining persons, elements and themes which in our worlds happened at widely differing points in the century.


BC

4004 - World created (probably): initially without form, and void. Dinosaurs born, get fat and die

3200 - Egypt united under Menes

2700 - Pyramids bult at Giza

2100 - Trilithons erected at Stonehenge

2000 - Hammurabi rules Mesopotamia, codifies laws

1700 - Abraham active in founding Jewish settlements

1500 - Cretan civilization destroyed by volcanic eruption

1400 - Akhenaton changes Egyptian religion; Tutankhamen succeeds him and returns it

1300 - Children of Israel in captivity, led to Canaan by Moses

1200 - Troy falls to Mycenaean armies under Agamemnon

1000 - Solomon builds Great Temple in Jerusalem

753 - Foundation of Rome by Romulus and Remus

563 - The Buddha born

509 - Rome becomes a republic

479 - Battle of Plataea, Greeks finally defeat Persians

448 - Athenian Acropolis built

440 - Heraclitus teaches that all things are subject to change

431 - Empedocles's theory of the four humours

386 - Plato founds Academy

335 - Aristotle founds Lyceum

331 - Alexander conquers Persia

265 - Archimedes invents Archimedean Screw for raising water

216 - Hannibal defeats Romans at Cannae

210 - Great Wall of China started

165 - Revolt of Judas Maccabeus

54 - Julius Caesar's unsuccessful expedition to Britain

36 - Antony marries Cleopatra

27 - Augustus becomes Emperor of Rome

AD - Jesus Christ born

33 - Crucifixion

40 - Claudius conquers the important bits of Britain

105 - Chinese eunuch invents paper

122 - Hadrian's Wall built

250 - Chinese invent gunpowder

312 - Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity

391 - Theodosius burns library of Alexandria

407 - Romans withdraw from Britain

449 - Angles and Saxons settle Britain, resisted by King Arthur

496 - King Clovis of the Franks converts to Christianity, founds Merovingian dynasty

529 - Benedictine order of monks founded

550 - Toltecs overrun the Yucatan

590 - Gregory the Great declares papal absolutism

597 - Augustine's mission to convert Britain

622 - Mohammed's Hejira (flight) from Mecca to Medina

700 - Beowulf written

778 - Chanson de Roland composed

793 - Vikings sack Lindisfarne

800 - Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor

809 - Haroun Al-Raschid, Caliph of Baghdad, dies

850 - Astrolabe invented

873 - Alfred the Great becomes King of Wessex, fights Danes

879 - Saints Cyril and Methodius invent Cyrillic alphabet

900 - Gunbjorn discovers Greenland

985 - First printed book, in Szechuan, the Tripitaka (Buddhist scriptures)

1000 - Polynesians reach New Zealand about now

1026 - Musical scale introduced by Guido d'Arezzo

1040 - Macbeth murders Duncan to become King of Scotland

1050 - Temple of the Warriors built at Chichen Itza, Mexico

1066 - Normans under William the Bastard conquer England

1099 - First Crusade results in foundation of Kingdom of Jerusalem

1118 - Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (the Knights Templar) founded

1135 - English civil war between forces of Steven of Blois and Empress Matilda, 'when Christ and his Saints slept'

1167 - Oxford University founded

1170 - Thomas Becket murdered on orders of Henry II

1177 - Khmer capital of Angkor Wat falls to Champa invaders

1215 - Magna Carta signed at Runnymede

1218 - Genghis Khan conquers Persia

1244 - Capture of Montsegur destroys Albigensian heresy

1253 - Nichiren founds his Buddhist sect

1271 - Marco Polo journeys to the Far East

1275 - Moses of Leon writes the Zohar, chief text of Cabbalism

1307 - Templars suppressed in France: Dante Alighieri writes Divine Comedy

1330 - William of Ockham invents 'Occam's Razor'

1345 - Aztecs build Tenochtitlan

1348 - Black Death rages throughout Europe

1374 - Dancing craze sweeps Aix-la-Chapelle

1380 - William Wycliffe translates the Bible into English

1391 - Geoffrey Chaucer writes The Canterbury Tales

1415 - Battle of Agincourt, English under Henry V defeat French most heroically

1429 - de'Medici rise to power in Florence: Joan of Arc has her visions

1440 - Gilles de Rais (de Retz) executed

1453 - Constantinople falls to Turks

1462 - Vlad the Impaler deposed

1478 - Isabelle of Castille launches Spanish Inquisition [bet you didn't expect that - ed.]

1480 - Sandro Botticelli's Birth of Venus

1482 - Portuguese discover bananas

1485 - Battle of Bosworth ends Wars of the Roses: Sir Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur published

1492 - Columbus discovers New World (much to the surprise of its inhabitants)

1498 - Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper: Savonarola holds Bonfires of the Vanities

1511 - Raphael Sanzio's Sistine Madonna, Portrait of Julius II and School of Athens: Michelangelo Buonarroti's ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

1521 - Hernan Cortez defeats Aztecs and burns Tenochtitlan: Ferdinand Magellan's expedition circumnavigates the world

1528 - 'Paracelsus' (Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim) expelled from Basel

1534 - Henry VIII breaks with Rome, founds Church of England

1543 - Pope Paul III institutes Index of Forbidden Books: Nicolaus Copernicus suggests that the Earth revolves around the Sun

1552 - Nostradamus's Centuries

1556 - Ivan the Terrible conquers Astrakhan: Archbishop Thomas Cranmer burnt at the stake, in Oxford

1569 - Gerald Mercator's first map of the world

1582 - Gregorian calendar adopted

1587 - Virginia Dare born in Roanoke Island colony

1588 - English under Francis Drake defeat Spanish Armada: Christopher Marlowe's The Tragedy of Dr Faustus: Russian Orthodox Church founded

1603 - William Shakespeare's Hamlet: British East India Company's first expedition

1615 - Rosicrucian Manifesto published in Paris

1616 - Galileo Galilei arrested for heresy

1622 - Richelieu appointed Cardinal of France

1632 - Taj Mahal built

1638 - Nicolas Poussin's Les Bergers d'Arcadie

1642 - Pascal invents an adding machine: English Civil War starts

1651 - Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan

1654 - Queen Christina of Sweden abdicates, dresses as a man and journeys to Rome

1661 - Morin de Villefranche's Astrologia Gallica

1665 - Bubonic plague in London, swiftly followed by Great Fire: city is rebuilt by Christopher Wren, Nicholas Hawksmoor and John Vanbrugh

1670 - Hindus rebel against Moghuls, Sivaji founds Maratha state: the pirate Henry Morgan is knighted and made Governor of Jamaica

1677 - Anton van Leeuwenhoek discovers spermatozoa

1682 - French capital moves to Versailles

1684 - The Thames freezes over at London; John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress

1688 - Glorious Revolution, powers of British monarch circumscribed

1692 - Leibnitz develops calculus: Massacre of Glencoe

1694 - Foundation of Bank of England

1697 - Peter the Great tours Holland, France and Britain incognito, works in a shipyard

1698 - Dom Pierre Perignon invents champagne

1704 - America's first regular newspaper published, in Boston

1707 - Most recent eruption of Mount Fuji to date

1709 - At Battle of Poltava, Peter the Great breaks the power of Sweden

1710 - First copyright law introduced, in England

1717 - First Grand Lodge of Freemasonry established in London

1718 - Blackbeard killed; first English banknotes introduced

1719 - Principality of Liechtenstein created

1720 - South Sea Bubble bursts, John Law's Mississippi Trading Company collapses

1722 - Easter Island discovered by Roggeveen: Peter the Great's Persian exppedition fails because of outbreak of ergotism

1726 - Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

1729 - John and Charles Wesley begin Methodist movement, in Oxford

1732 - Swarm of grasshoppers devastates Japanese harvest

1736 - First successful appendectomy performed: John Harrison's chronometer accurately establishes longitude

1738 - Excavation of Herculaneum, Italy

1742 - Anders Celsius invents centigrade temperature scale

1745 - Jacobite Rising in Scotland under Bonnie Prince Charlie

1749 - Thomas Chippendale opens his workshop

1751 - Benjamin Franklin is killed flying a kite in a thunderstorm

1753 - British Museum and Library founded, on basis of Hans Sloane's collection left to the nation

1755 - Giovanni Casanova imprisoned in Venice for spying

1756 - Duc de Richelieu invents mayonnaise: Black Hole of Calcutta incident

1759 - French Canada falls to British forces under James Wolfe

1764 - James Otis denounces taxation without representation

1767 - Daniel Boone enters Kentucky: Lawrence Sterne's Tristram Shandy

1770 - James Cook claims Australia for Britain: Voltaire writes 'If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him'

1773 - Boston Tea Party: Pope Clement XIV dissolves Jesuit order

1774 - Johann von Goethe's Sorrows of Young Werther

1776 - Declaration of Independence signed: Adam Weishaupt founds Illuminati in Ingolstadt, Bavaria: David Bushnell unsuccessfully pioneers the submarine: Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations: Edward Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

1780 - Sebastien Erard invents the pianoforte: Jeremy Bentham's Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation

1781 - William Herschel discovers Uranus: battle of Yorktown leaves Americans victorious in War of Independence: Immanuel Kant's Critique of Pure Reason

1785 - Crossing of the Channel by hot-air balloon

1788 - Times newspaper founded: John Lempriere's Classical Dictionary

1789 - Storming of the Bastille, Paris

1791 - Marie Harel invents Camembert: Thomas Paine's The Rights of Man: James Boswell's The Life of Samuel Johnson: Wolfgang Mozart's The Magic Flute: the Marquis de Sade's Justine

1792 - Denmark becomes first country to renounce slavery: Paris Commune seizes power, imprisons Louis XVI

1793 - Jean Paul Marat killed in his bath by Charlotte Corday: Louis XVI and Marie Antionette executed

1795 - Warren Hastings, former Governor-General of India, cleared of corruption charges: Napoleon Bonaparte appointed to command of French armies

1797 - Cigarettes invented, in Cuba

1798 - Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Rime of the Ancient Mariner; Thomas Malthus's Essay on the Principles of Human Population

1799 - Humphrey Davy invents laughing gas

1802 - Madame Tussaud opens wax museum in London: Ludwig van Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata

1805 - At Battle of Trafalgar, British under Horatio Nelson smash French naval power

1807 - Aaron Burr acquitted of plotting to set up an independent state

1811 - Venexuela declares independence from Spain: Jane Austen's Sense and Sensibility

1812 - Napoleon's Russian expedition devastated by winter conditions

1814 - British troops burn Washington

1815 - Battle of Waterloo finally destroys Napoleon: Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm's Fairy Tales

1816 - Shaka Zulu succeeds his father

1818 - Holkar kingdom in central India conquered by British: Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1819 - Chocolate invented at Vevey, Switzerland: British soldiers kill Corn Law protesters at Peterloo: Walter Scott's Ivanhoe: John Keats's On a Grecian Urn: George Byron's Don Juan

1820 - Venus de Milo discovered: state of Liberia founded

1822 - Jean Champollion deciphers Rosetta Stone

1825 - Stockton-Darlington railway opens: Tsar Alexander I dies after eating poisoned mushrooms: John Nash completes Buckingham Palace, London

1829 - First sewing machine invented: bodysnatcher William Burke hanged in Edinburgh

1830 - Foundation of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints by Joseph Smith: Alfred Tennyson's Poems, Chiefly Lyrical

1831 - Charles Darwin's voyage of the Beagle commences: Michael Faraday dies after inhaling chlorine gas

1833 - Britain claims Falkland Islands: Kaspar Hauser killed

1834 - Victoria succeeds to British throne

1835 - Houses of Parliament built: Dutch settlers in South Africa begin Great Trek inland

1836 - Mexicans capture the Alamo: Charles Dickens's Pickwick papers

1837 - Samuel Morse devises code for telegraph transmission

1838 - In London, Chartists call for universal suffrage: Opium Wars triggered in China

1839 - Kirkpatrick MacMillan invents the bicycle: Charles Goodyear vulcanizes rubber: Belgian independence recognized by Dutch: Edgar Allan poe's The Fall of the House of Usher

1841 - James Baird discovers hypnosis; Rowland Hill launches Penny Post

1842 - First operation under general anaesthetic, in America: Charles babbage's Analytical Engine built, receives generous funding from British government

1844 - Alexandre Dumas's The Three Musketeers

1845 - Irish potato famine starts: Austen Henry Layard excavates Nimrud

1846 - Edward Lear's Book of Nonsense

1847 - Michael Bakunin expelled from Paris; Emily Bronte's Wuthering Heights; Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles's Communist manifesto

1848 - Insurrections throughout Austrian Empire, Ferdinand abdicates and is succeeded by Franz Josef: John Stuart Mill's Principles of Political Economy

1849 - Hungarian patriots under Lajos Kossuth declare independence, invaded by Russia and crushed

1850 - Richard Wagner's Lohengrin

1851 - Gold Rush in Australia: Great Exhibition opens in Crystal Palace, London

1852 - Napoleon III proclaims Second Empire in France: Roget's Thesaurus

1853 - US Commodore Perry's trade expedition to Japan disappears without trace

1854 - Bejamin Silliman demonstrates that petroleum cannot be fractionated: British and French defeat Russians in Crimea

1855 - David Livingstone discovers source of Nile: Alexander II succeeds to Russian throne

1856 - Remains of Neanderthal Man discovered

1857 - Giuseppe Garibaldi calls, from New York where he is working as a candle-maker, for Italian unity: Indian Mutiny against British rule

1858 - Ferdinand Carre invents the refrigerator: Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Mary Magdalene

1859 - Austrians conquer Piedmont from France, and Hungary from Russians: work starts on Suez Canal

1860 - Prussian colony in East Africa founded: Wilkie Collins's The Woman in White: Ludwig III succeeds to Bavarian throne: Piedmont restored to puppet status

1861 - Richard Gatling invents his gun: Kaiser Wilhelm succeeds to Prussian throne: George Eliot's Silas Marner: series of Communist uprisings in Prussia bloodily put down

1862 - British and Spanish troops withdraw from Mexico: Otto of Greece deposed, replaced by Danish prince George: Prussians under Bismarck attempt to invade France, easily repulsed

1863 - French conquer Mexico, Maximilian given throne: London Underground railway inaugurated: Jules Verne's Five Weeks in a Balloon: Prussian expedition to Turkey conquers most of Anatolia

1864 - Abraham Lincoln elected President of US to mounting tensions between states: British army under General Gordon helps Chinese put down rebellion: Miklos Toldi leads Hungarian rebellion against Austrian rule

1865 - William Booth founds Salvation Army: Prussians under von Moltke conquer Netherlands, renaming it Wilhemsland, King flees to London: for the current situation, see the history page


Inferno sampler
Contents


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